What Are The Symptoms Of A Seizure?
A seizure is a common neurological condition in dogs in which the brain is function is involuntarily disrupted. Epilepsy is the term used to describe repeated episodes of seizures.
Symptoms that your dog is having a seizure include:
- Muscle twitching
- Loss of consciousness
- Foaming at the mouth
- Release of bowel or bladder
What Causes Seizures?
Individual seizures can be caused by a number of things, including eating poison, liver disease, fluctuating blood sugar, fever, strokes, brain cancer, anemia, electrolyte problems, or head injury.
Epilepsy is typically categorized in two ways: Idiopathic epilepsy, also called primary epilepsy, and symptomatic epilepsy. Idiopathic epilepsy has no identifiable cause and is often a genetic issue, while symptomatic epilepsy occurs when there is an identifiable underlying brain lesion or metabolic cause, like the ones mentioned above.
Idiopathic epilepsy can be inherited in many breeds, including Australian Shepherds, Belgian Tervuren, and German Shepherds, Beagles, Bernese Mountain Dogs, Border Collies, Border Terriers, Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, Dachshunds, English Springer Spaniels, Finnish Spitz, Golden and Labrador Retrievers, Irish Wolfhounds, Lagotto Romagnolos, Petit Basset Griffon Vendeens, Shetland Sheepdogs, Standard Poodles and Vizslas. However, it can occur in any breed and mixed breed, according to the American Kennel Club.
When Dogs Are Seizing
The first thing to remember when your dog is having a seizure is to stay calm. Do not try to move the dog unless they are in an unsafe area (for example, if they are laying on the edge of a dock over water or are near a fire). If you must move the dog, try to move them from their hind legs or hips.
You can soothe or gently pet your dog while they are having a seizure but keep your hands away from their mouth as they may clamp down with their jaw.
How CBD Helps
You can administer full spectrum hemp extract to your dog’s gums during the seizure to shorten the duration.
A single seizure should not last more than 5 minutes. If it does, consult an emergency veterinarian. Typically, seizures only last a few minutes and the dog will resume their normal activity afterward.
Stop Seizures Naturally
It is important to make sure your pet is eating a healthy, species-appropriate diet to prevent the types of liver disease, fluctuating blood sugar, anemia, and electrolyte issues that can cause seizures. We recommend a fresh/raw diet that has all the macro and micronutrients they will need, in the right proportions. By preventing some of the deficiencies that cause seizures, you can often avoid them altogether.
If your dog is prone to seizures, your veterinarian may prescribe phenobarbital (PB) and potassium bromide (KBr or K-BroVet Potassium Bromide). However, these medications may have negative side effects and can cause further liver damage, which is why many pet parents are turning to full spectrum hemp extract (CBD oil).
CBD has been used by humans to treat seizures for years. In fact, in 2003, the U.S. government patented CBD as a neuroprotectant (despite the U.S. prohibition on cannabis). Because of the rise of hemp-derived CBD for pets, studies focusing on the effects of CBD on seizures in dogs is being studied now more than ever.
In a 2017 double-blind study conducted by Colorado State University’s James L. Voss Veterinary Teaching Hospital, neurologist Stephanie McGrath assessed the short-term effect of CBD on seizure frequency in 16 dogs. Dogs in the trial were randomly assigned a placebo or a hemp-derived CBD treatment for 12 weeks. Nine dogs received CBD while seven were given a placebo. All of the dogs in the study suffered from seizures. Through the study, McGrath found that 89 percent of dogs who received CBD in the clinical trial had a reduction in the frequency of seizures. Additionally, McGrath saw a significant association between the degree of seizure reduction and the amount of CBD concentration in the dog’s blood.
This was not the only study to find CBD to be a successful anti-epileptic supplement for pets. Yamazaki University of Animal Health Technology in Japan conducted a similar experiment wherein three dogs who suffered epileptic seizures were given hemp-derived CBD for eight weeks. Researchers found a decrease in seizure intervals in two of the three dogs studied. The dogs were given varying amounts of CBD, and the dog who received the lowest number of mg of active CBD showed little to no improvement, while the dog who was administered 1700 mg showed the highest level of improvement. More isn’t always better, but in this case, the level necessary for optimal results proved to be 1700 mg (side note: the same study’s findings show that the dogs showed a decrease in barking even when other dogs nearby were excitable).
CBD Dosage To Stop Seizure Activity
Despite common misconceptions, dosing has very little to do with your dog’s size or weight.
Finding the right dosage depends on your specific dog, their specific condition, and the sensitivity of their endocannabinoid system. Based on research and from our experience, we recommend starting with 35 – 50 mg of HEAL 1100 mg Full Spectrum Hemp Extract (CBD) daily and during seizure activity. The HEAL tincture contains 37 mg full spectrum hemp extract (CBD) per 1 mL dropper, which means it is best to start with about 1 – 1.5 mL droppers full. However, make sure to consult your holistic veterinarian if your pet is on phenobarbital before weaning.
According to our Chief Veterinary Officer, Dr. Zac Pilossoph, “It’s all about low and slow. It’s about the gradual introduction of CBD and continuous monitoring over time. When you’re switching therapy options, whether it’s pharmaceutical to pharmaceutical, or pharmaceutical over to nutraceutical, it doesn’t matter. The process should be gradual. The process could range from weeks to months. Keep a journal so you have a daily log of what’s going on to show your veterinarian.”
For Best Absorption
For the fastest and most thorough absorption, lift the lip and apply the dose directly onto the gums, as the most direct way into the bloodstream. If added to food, the medicine may not be as effective and can take significantly longer (30-45 min.) to reach the bloodstream as it works its way through the gastrointestinal system.
Learn About Great Cannabis-Infused Pet Treats
These Cannabis-Infused Pet Treats are the same delicious cookies you already know and love made with cannabis-infused coconut oil or cannabutter for a delicious medicated treat!