Types of Cannabis Extracts & Concentrates

Just as there are many different methods of producing extracts and concentrates, there are many different types of products that can be created by each method.

Below is a list of the different types of basic extracts and concentrates. Each is linked to an in-depth article explaining what the concentrate is like, how it’s made, and how it’s used

Types of Cannabis Extracts

Cannabis Oils

Cannabis oils are generally the natural oils extracted from the cannabis plant. It can be extracted from the leaves, buds, or seeds, depending on the type. 

There are as many ways to make cannabis oil as there are types of cannabis oil. The most common types are Rick Simpson Oil, vaporizer oil, topical oils, CBD oil, hemp seed oil, butane hash oil, and edible oils. Some of these oils are obtained by pressing, and some by using solvents.

We have included a few cannabis oil types below.

Wax/Budder

Wax or budder is the runny cannabis oil extract that has more texture than harder products. These oils are opaque, rather than clear and tend to be gooey. They are easy to roll onto a pin and dab, but they stick to their container. You can read more about wax and budder here

Caviar/Jelly Hash

Caviar, aka moonrocks, are made by coating buds with high-quality resin and then rolling them in kief. Some will argue that caviar doesn’t have the extra layer of kief on the outside while moonrocks do; but if you search for this item online, you can find both styles with both names. 

Jelly hash is usually made by mixing one part of the oil with 8 parts of bubble hash, although there are other techniques on the market.

Butane Hash Oil

BHO is a very potent cannabis extract made using butane. It can come in the form of wax, budder, honeycomb, or any of the other types described above. 

Pie Crust/Honeycomb

Pie crust/honeycomb is a form of wax/budder that is crumbly and more brittle than wax/budder, but softer than shatter. It’s easier to get out of the jar, but can crumble and scatter easily.

Shatter

Shatter is a very pure cannabis concentrate that is translucent and very brittle, like glass candy. Shatter looks a lot like amber. It will have roughly the same potency as the other concentrates but lacks other cannabinoids and terpenes for the most part. For this reason, shatter is the most ideal concentrate for dabbing.

Types of Cannabis Concentrates

Kief

Kief is the collection of resins and trichomes that you can see crystallized on the leaves and buds of the marijuana plant.  This substance contains the greatest quantity of THC and other cannabinoids and is the source of all cannabis concentrates.

Kief can be left in its natural form and sprinkled onto flower to make it more potent, rolled into moonrocks and other exotic treats, or pressed into rosin. 

The most common method of processing kief is to press it into hash. 

Hash

Hash is manufactured by applying very light heat to kief–not enough to combust it–and very high pressure to form a solid, shapeable mass.

This method of concentrate production preserves most of the natural cannabinoids and terpenes in the final product.

It can range in color from very light amber to dark black and can have a grainy consistency or a smooth, tarry texture. 

Bubble Hash

Bubble hash is pressed from kief that was extracted using a water bath. Flower or trim are immersed in a bath of ice and water and then agitated so the ice knocks the trichomes off the plant.

The ice water bath is then drained over a series of filters to collect the trichomes. The trichomes are laid out to dry for roughly 24 hours and then pressed into a very pure, clean hash.

This process can be done by hand or with a Bubbleator. 

Rosin

Rosin is a highly sought concentrate and has become very popular in recent years because it contains high-potency trichomes without significantly changing the chemical profile. 

There are some changes due to the small amount of heat used in the process (generally 150 to 180 degrees), but the changes are small compared to other chemical extraction methods. It’s also fast and leaves behind no additional chemical residue. 

Rosin presses can range from just a couple hundred dollars to thousands for a professional machine.

Conclusion

This just touches the surface, and there are many different subtypes of each of these products, depending on what type of starting product is used (bud v shake and live v cured), what types of equipment are used in the refining process and how the products are finished. 

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